Welcome to CiViE 2022

6th International Conference On Civil Engineering (CiViE 2022)

February 19 ~ 20, 2022, Dubai, UAE

Accepted Papers
A Comparative Study of Supply Chain Management in Building Construction Projects within Kathmandu Valley

Gangesh Kumar Joshi1 & Subash Kumar Bhattarai2, 1Managing Director, Endeavor Engineering Services Pvt.Ltd, Nepal. ORCID:0000-0001-5531-6895, 2Policy Development and Procurement Advisor(Health Infrastructure)- Nepal Health Sector Support Programme and Visiting- Asst. Professor (Construction Project Management)–(Center for post-graduate studies-Nepal Engineering College), Lalitpur, Nepal. ORCID: 0000-0003-4194-6508


Supply chain plays a vital role in the successful completion of a construction project. Lack of proper supply management in any construction project results in cost overrun, time overrun, claims, disputes, and low productivity, which may ultimately lead to failure of the project. The overall objective of this study is to analyze a comparative study of supply chain management in building construction projects. This study focuses on the perception of the stakeholders on the need and importance of supply chain management on the selected construction projects of Kathmandu Valley.Total of thirty-four projects were taken for the study. Among these, 16 projects were executed by DUDBC and NRA and 18 projects from the private developers. The primary data collection tools used for the study are a questionnaire survey and a key informant interview along with a desk study was conducted. The responses of questionnaires based on the Likert’s scale were ranked using the Relative Importance Index (RII).The findings based on the comparison of views between the public stakeholders and private sectors showed that supply chain management in the construction industry would improve quality assurance and client satisfaction for the public and private sectors respectively. The public sector perceived that the successful growth of the supply chain relationship between client and supplier is based on the relation between demand and supply along with the efficient supply of the materials. Whereas, for the private sector it was based on the relation between demand and supply only. Similarly, the respondents agreed that there is a significant degree of agreement regarding the high importance of supply chain management in the construction industry by accepting an alternative hypothesis.The study found that improved integrated management between supply chain and project site as the best approach for SCM from hypothesis testing. Similarly, goodcommunication and order at right time to maintain the inventory is the best solution for an efficient supply chain system.


Supply chain management, building construction projects, private sectors, public sectors.

Cultivation & Yield Performance Of Mushroom On Various Environmental Effects With EIA & Industrial Waste Management

Ashwini Modi and Aanand Babu. K, Shri Vaishnav Vidyapeeth Vishwavidyalaya Indore, India


The mushroom industries are turned up so rapidly in recent years as the demand from the public is getting increasing day by day. It gives beneficial effects to the crop owner also and requires less space with high production rate. As we know in India the Mushrooms are next highest agriculture crop. The positive point with our country is the availability of agricultural waste and the climatic conditions; they both are quite good for the growth of mushrooms. By using this we can recycle the agro waste which is generated nearby 620 million tons per annum, also by doing this we can fill up the nutritional gap which is developed amongst the huge population in India. Mushrooms are long been valued as high medicinal and nutritional food by many Indian & foreign societies. Mushrooms are used up as a medicine in some countries of Asia and much experimental work is also done with respect to medical aspects. (12) The Ayurveda science of India using mainly mushroom as a medicine. (14) The production of agro waste in India is near about 620-650 million tons per annum (11). Mushroom cultivation process, management & industrial setup is quite essential aspect to reduce impact on environment and access the situation of cultivation in various conditions leads to sustainable and productive solutions in this field. This research focuses on such aspects to consolidate process cultivation for various scenarios under various conditions & its impact on cultivation and management aspects for further fruitful outcomes towards clean and less affected environment.


Mushroom Cultivation, EIA, Ecosystem Management, Waste Management.

Impact of Commercial Decision Making in the Cost at the Pre-Tendering Stage

Ramya Ganesh1 and Taqdees Anjum2, 1Student, MBA, RICS School of Built Environment, Amity University, India, 2Assistant Professor, MBA, RICS School of Built Environment, Amity University, India


The Indian construction industry has the cognitive frame of operating in the cost-based approach rather than the value-based approach, and the project process and strategies are framed in such a manner to increase the profitability of the project by the organization. Nevertheless, the profitability margin of the construction project is very comparatively low compared to the other Industrial sectors. There is much reason for not attaining a higher profitability margin in the construction sector. Some of the reasons are the low innovative business plan, ineffective data-driven decision-making, ineffective management of the transaction, and construction risks. The responsibilities of increasing profitability and managing the transactional flow in the project are given to the commercial manager. The roles and responsibilities of the commercial manager vary globally. The quantity surveyor's job role further enhanced the commercial manager, where the latter can take the commercial decisions about the project. This research paper's primary outcome is the framework model for making effective decisions by the commercial manager, which increases the project's profitability. The systematic decisions, which are made in the projects by the commercial manager are studied. Considering the external factors like the COVID-19 outbreak, market condition, and existing factors affecting the decision-making process, the tools and techniques for making efficient decisions in the construction project are suggested. The synergies between these tools and techniques are studied, and a decision-making model is framed to reduce the cost and time overrun, and the benefits associated with implementing the model in the project are detailed.


Commercial management, data-driven decision model, profitability.